Thursday, 23 February 2023

What are the principles of scientific Management by Taylor?

Principles of Scientific Management by Taylor

F.W. Taylor or Fredrick Winslow Taylor is also known as the 'father of scientific management' proved with his practical theories that a scientific method can be implemented to management. Taylor gave much concentration on the supervisory level of management and performance of managers and workers at an operational level. Let's discuss in detail the five (5) principles of management by F.W Taylor.

(1) Science, not the Rule of Thumb: This rule focuses on increasing the efficiency of an organisation through scientific analysis of work and not with the 'Rule of Thumb' method. Taylor believed that even a small activity like loading paper sheets into boxcars can be planned scientifically. This will save time and also human energy. This decision should be based on scientific analysis and cause and effect relationships rather than 'Rule of Thumb' where the decision is taken according to the manager's personal judgement.

(2) Harmony, Not Discord: Taylor indicated and believed that the relationship between the workers and management should be cordial and complete harmony. Difference between the two will never be beneficial to either side. Management and workers should acknowledge and understand each other's importance. Taylor also suggested the mental revolution for both management and workers to achieve total harmony.

(3) Mental Revolution: This technique involves a shift of attitude of management and workers towards each other. Both should understand the value of each other and work with full participation and cooperation. The aim of both should be to improve and boost the profits of the organisation. Mental Revolution demands a complete change in the outlook of both the workers and management; both should have a sense of togetherness.

(4) Cooperation, not Individualism: It is similar to 'Harmony, not discord' and believes in mutual collaboration between workers and the management. Managers and workers should have mutual cooperation & confidence and a sense of goodwill. The main purpose is to substitute internal competition with cooperation.

(5) Development of Every Person to his Greatest Efficiency: The effectiveness of a company also relies on the abilities and skills of its employees. Thus, implementing training, learning best practices and technology, is the scientific approach to brush up the employee skill. To assure that the training is given to the right employee, the right steps should be taken at the time of selection and recruiting candidates based on a scientific selection.

These five (5) principles of scientific management process involved experiments, observation, analysis, and inference and were applied to create a cause and effect relationship.

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